Panel 1: “Smartness of Technology” or “Smartness of Learners”: Is it a Zero-Sum Game? Or Can We Have Both?

Chair: Lung-Hsiang WONG, Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore
Gautam BUSWAS, Vanderbilt University, USA
Ben DO BOULAY, University of Sessex, UK
Ulrich HOPPE, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany
Riichiro MIZOGUCHI, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), Japan

Chee-Kit LOOI, Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore

Abstract: In the second decade of the 21st century, we see the proliferation of cloud computing, Internet of Things/People, and big data/analytics, and the rejuvenation of Artificial Intelligence, robotics, virtual realities and augmented realities, etc., which have triggered the trends of building smart nations, smart cities, smart offices and smart homes all over the world. Such a trend has also shown its influence in the learning technology field where scholars and developers have begun to adapt and synthesise such state-of-the-art technologies to construct smart learning environments and tools. Notwithstanding, it is the time for us to take a step back and reflect upon – in the era where even intelligent robots could sit in high-stakes examinations and “perform better” than most of the human students, what kind of smart students and smart citizens do we really need and want to foster? What kinds of smart learning environments do that we need to develop to achieve the stated aim? What are the underpinning educational principles that the designers of such environments should adopt? This panel aims to bring together scholars who have worked in specific learning technologies or technology-aided pedagogies to co-identify the human-oriented (rather than technology-driven) objectives of the “smart learning” wave, and to possibly re-look or even re-define the notion of “smart learning”.

Panel 2: Adopting a PBL Approach to Empower Learners

Chair: Wen-Chi Vivian WU, Asia University, Taiwan
Ching-Huei CHEN, National Changhua University of Education, Taiwan
Lu- Fang LING, Institute of Applied English, National Taiwan Ocean University, Taiwan
Lung-Hsiang WONG, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore,
Tosh YAMAMOTO, the Center for Teaching and Learning, Kansai University, Japan

Abstract: Over the past two decades, PBL approach has been widely adopted as a principal teaching approach and proved to be an effective technique to enhance learner performance as well as other academic related skills, such as critical thinking, problem solving and autonomy, but the studies on PBL has been mainly conducted in medical related fields. Literature review on PBL in other disciplines remains relatively scant. In view of this, this panel containing five separate but interrelated PBL empirical studies will go beyond the scope of the medical discipline.

Considering PBL is a multi-dimensional concept, each of the study will deal with a distinct aspect/skill as a result of PBL practice. Chen’s study examines self-regulated and shared-regulated learning in the problem-based learning environment. Ling’s study focuses on fostering student affections for English language learners. Wu’s study deals with another vital PBL notion, which is social constructivism, resulting from active interaction and cooperation among language learners in the learning process of PBL instruction. Wong will present a conceptual design that hybridizes seamless language learning and problem-based language learning. Finally, Yamamoto’s study will combine PBL and TBL and approach PBL from a global perspective.